IKEA Shelter and fire safety, a temporary solution is not the final house for refugees
In December, the Swiss municipality of Zurich buys Ikea shelters to house 62 refugees families. They ditches out the shelter over fire risk after a non clear test that showed the temporary shelters “are easily combustible”. In a statement published on January, the Better Shelter ONG clearify the position about the fire safety of the shelters, produced in cooperation with IKEA and UNHCR.
Better Shelter is driven by a mission to improve the lives of persons displaced by conflicts and natural disasters, by providing them with a temporary home away from home. We strive to be pioneering within shelter development, by setting a higher safety standard for our product compared to what is the norm for temporary humanitarian shelters today.
Better Shelter is a lightweight, temporary, one-room humanitarian shelter. There are no existing recognized standards to specifically inform the fire testing of temporary humanitarian shelters. We have developed this shelter in close cooperation with UNHCR, with an aim to improve the overall standard of refugee shelters. The specifications developed for the Better Shelter were informed by recorded good practice and was developed to include the following considerations in relation to fire risk:
> Intended for single family use with limited occupancy levels
> Limited internal distances to an exit as means of escape – maximum of 5.7 meters in the case of the shelter.
> An outward opening door to facilitate a swift exit.
> A rigid steel frame covered with sufficiently fire retardant wall and roof panels to allow occupants sufficient time to exit the shelter in the event of fire. In compliance with humanitarian guidelines, the time required to exit a shelter in the events of a fire is 2 minutes.
The product specification of the Better Shelter requires that the main covering elements – wall and roof panels – meet the Euroclass classification EN 13501-1 for construction products in reaction to fire of D-s2,d0. The shelter panels have been subjected to laboratory testing for construction materials by the accredited SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, which confirms that they exceed this classification
The rigid frame and panel structure of the shelter reduce the risk of fire related collapse and contributes to the required time for a family to exit the unit. This represents a significant progression in terms of safety in comparison with most non-rigid structure, such as tents. For the intended use, we have together with UNHCR concluded that the shelter’s level of fire safety exceeds the fire safety standard for this type of structure.
The shelter’s fire classification is clearly documented and stated in the shelter product specifications in order to allow customers to ensure that the Products is fit for their intended use and local regulations.