Thyroid, the symptoms of a malfunctioning thyroid gland

The thyroid is a gland located between the larynx and trachea, at the base of the front of the neck. It plays a key role in the body because – under the direct control of the pituitary gland – it produces and secretes thyroid hormones, which are necessary for the body’s growth and development

A malfunctioning thyroid gland has a significant impact on quality of life.

Thyroid, symptoms of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism

Excessive or insufficient production of thyroid hormones affects quality of life and thus well-being.

Hyperthyroidism, i.e. an excess of thyroid hormones in the circulation, is responsible for an acceleration of metabolic processes; it can lead to symptoms such as heat intolerance, fatigue, weight loss, heart palpitations, restlessness, tremors and irritability.

In the case of hypothyroidism, on the other hand, the production of thyroid hormones is insufficient and the patient experiences intolerance to cold, worsening of mood, difficulty in concentrating, tiredness and psychomotor slowdown.

Hypothyroidism, thyroid symptoms detected, levothyroxine replacement therapy adopted

If you have these symptoms, you should contact your doctor. It is important to diagnose a thyroid disorder as early as possible and direct the patient towards effective treatment.

In the case of hypothyroidism, the treatment is pharmacological. This involves replacement therapy with levothyroxine, the main thyroid hormone, the aim of which is to re-establish a normal thyroid state, with positive repercussions on the patient’s well-being and quality of life.

It is also important for the patient to be monitored regularly, with endocrinological check-ups, so that the therapy can be tailored to their actual needs.

In the case of hyperthyroidism, on the other hand, treatment depends on the cause of the hyperthyroidism, the age of the patient and the severity of the clinical manifestations.

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