Stroke: prospective evaluation of a prehospital management process based on rescuers

Stroke: prospective evaluation of a prehospital management process based on rescuers

Improving access to thrombolytic therapy for patients with ischemic stroke is challenging. We assessed a prehospital process based on firemen rescuers under strict medical direction, aimed at facilitating thrombolysis of eligible patients.

Methods
This was a prospective observational study conducted over 4 months in Paris, France. Prehospital patients with suspected stroke were included after phone consultation with a physician. If the time since the onset of symptoms was less than 6 hours, patients were transported directly to a neurovascular unit (NVU), if symptom onset was over 6 hours ago; they were transported to an emergency department. Confirmation of stroke diagnosis, the rate of thrombolysis, and the time intervals between the call and hospital arrival and imaging were assessed. Comparison used Fisher’s exact test.

Results
Of the 271 patients transported to an NVU, 218 were diagnosed with a stroke (166 with ischemic stroke), 69 received thrombolytic therapy, and the mean stroke-thrombolysis interval was 150 minutes. Over 64 patients admitted to ED, 36 patients suffered a stroke (ischaemic: 24). None were thrombolysed. Globally, 36% of ischaemic strokes were thrombolysed (27% of all strokes diagnosed). The mean interval call-hospital was 65 min (ED vs NVU: p=0.61). The interval call-imaging was 202 min [IQR: 105.5-254.5] for ED and 92 min [IQR: 77 116] for NVU (p<0.001).

Conclusions
The prehospital management of stroke by rescuers, under strict medical direction, seemed to be feasible and effective for selection of patients suffering from stroke in an urban environment, and may improve the access to thrombolysis.

About The Author

Emergency Live

Emergency Live is the only multilingual magazine dedicated to people involved in rescue and emergency. As such, it is the ideal medium in terms of speed and cost for trading companies to reach large numbers of target users; for example, all companies involved in some way in the equipping of specialised means of transport. From vehicle manufacturers to companies involved in equipping those vehicles, to any supplier of life- saving and rescue equipment and aids.

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