Vancomycin-sensitive Staphylococcus infections: symptoms and treatment

Vancomycin-sensitive staphylococcus infections are infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, which are characterised by an intermediate resistance to the antibiotic vancomycin; this is ‘Vancomycin Intermediate Satphylococcus Aureus’, comes from

To contract it, it is necessary to be in close physical contact with infected persons, who can transmit it through their hands or through contaminated objects, such as medical instruments.

It is also possible to come into contact with the bacterium through contaminated surfaces.

The microbe can infect the new host by entering the body through the mouth, nose or openings in the skin (e.g. wounds).

Symptoms and diseases associated with vancomycin-sensitive staphylococcus infections

In most cases, staphylococcal infections with intermediate resistance to vancomycin affect the skin and underlying soft tissues, but in later stages can spread to other organs causing problems such as:

  • bacteremia
  • endocarditis and other heart problems
  • meningitis
  • osteomyelitis
  • arthritis
  • pneumonia
  • abscesses
  • cellulitis

Depending on the case, symptoms of infection may include

  • redness, pain and swelling of the skin and a sensation of warmth to the touch
  • fever
  • chills
  • weakness
  • muscle aches
  • cough
  • chest pains
  • difficulty breathing
  • rapid heartbeat
  • drowsiness
  • headaches
  • neck stiffness
  • rash
  • vision problems
  • nausea
  • vomiting

What are vancomycin-sensitive staphylococcus infections?

Staphylococcus with intermediate resistance to vancomycin is a Gram-positive bacterium belonging to the genus Staphylococcus that is not effectively eliminated by vancomycin, an antibiotic used to treat staphylococcus aureus infections when they do not respond to less aggressive active ingredients.

In particular, vancomycin doses of 4-8 times the minimum required amount are needed to stop the growth of a VISA.

Vancomycin-sensitive staphylococcal infections (VISA): care and treatment

Staphylococcal infections with intermediate resistance to vancomycin are treated with antibiotics and, if necessary, drainage of the material accumulated in the area affected by the infection.

In some cases (e.g. when antibiotics are ineffective or if you have metal implants) surgery may be necessary.

Disclaimer: This information is a general guide and in no way replaces medical advice. If you feel unwell, please contact your doctor or go to the emergency room.

Read Also:

Antimicrobial Resistance In Europe – Data Seems More Dangerous Than Before

Pan-Resistance, Candida Auris In US Hospitals: Warning From CDC Atlanta



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