Anaemia, vitamin deficiency among causes

Anaemia occurs when the number of red blood cells is insufficient to carry enough oxygen to meet the needs of the body’s various tissues and organs

There are different forms of this disorder, each caused by different factors, and the severity can also vary greatly, ranging from low-level to more worrying and serious.

In some cases, it can be caused by a deficiency of vitamin haemoactive, which leads to a reduction in red blood cell production.

The vitamins linked to this type of anaemia are folic acid and vitamin B-12, which are necessary to produce an adequate number of healthy red blood cells that can transport oxygen from the lungs throughout the body.

A vitamin C deficiency may also have an effect on red blood cell production, playing a role in iron absorption.

Vitamin deficiency anaemia: what it is and how to remedy it

Folate and vitamin B-12 are the vitamins that can cause anaemia if they are deficient due to lack of intake or difficulty in absorption.

After clarifying that vitamin intake is the cause of our anaemia, we can intervene with vitamin supplements or even simple changes in diet.

Among the causes of vitamin deficiency anaemia, also known as megaloblastic anaemia, the most common is anaemia due to deficiency of folate (or vitamin B-9), a nutrient found mainly in fruits and green leafy vegetables.

Most nutrients from food are absorbed in the small intestine. Those with small intestine disease, such as coeliac disease, or those who have had this area of the intestine removed may have difficulty absorbing folate or its synthetic form, folic acid.

Alcohol also decreases the absorption of this vitamin, and some medications can interfere with the absorption of this nutrient.

How to tell if you have it: symptoms of anaemia

Asthenia, shortness of breath, dizziness, dull or yellowish complexion, irregular heartbeat, weight loss, numbness or tingling in the hands and feet, muscle weakness, possible personality changes, motor instability and mental confusion with a tendency to forget what is going on.

These are all symptoms that can be caused by anaemia.

Vitamin deficiencies usually develop slowly over several months or years, and the symptoms, which begin quietly, increase as the deficiency worsens.

Risk factors for anaemia

In general, the risk of vitamin deficiency increases when the diet contains few or no sources of natural vitamins, such as meat, dairy products, fruit and vegetables.

Vegetarians and vegans, who also do not eat animal by-products, may fall into this category.

Overcooking food can also cause vitamin deficiencies.

There are also some medications or therapies that have the unwanted effects of vitamin malabsorption, such as acidity medicines and some drugs used to treat type 2 diabetes, which can interfere with the absorption of B-12. Treatments used to treat cancer can interfere with folate metabolism.

Risk factors for vitamin B-12 deficiency anaemia include autoimmune endocrine disorders, such as diabetes or thyroid disease.

In this case, sufferers are more likely to develop a specific type of vitamin B-12 deficiency anaemia, called pernicious anaemia.

Anaemia, prevention starts with a healthy diet

As with most diseases and disorders of the body, one of the first forms of prevention for vitamin deficiency anaemia is a healthy diet that includes a wide variety of foods.

Foods rich in folate include green leafy vegetables, enriched grain products such as bread, cereals, pasta and rice, fruit and fruit juices.

Foods rich in vitamin B-12 include eggs, milk, cheese and yoghurt, red and white meat, and shellfish.

Foods rich in vitamin C include broccoli, strawberries and peppers.

Read Also:

Symptoms Of Coeliac Disease: When To Consult A Doctor?

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