Who was the Chernobyl Heroes? Firemen and volunteers that fight against the worst nuclear blaze ever must be considered International Heroes. Chernobyl disaster was the most important catastrophic nuclear accident ever occurred. It happens on 26 April 1986 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the city of Pripyat, Ukraine. The explosion and the consequenced blaze, have released large quantities of radioactive particles into the atmosphere, that spread over the western USSR and Europe.
The battle to contain the contamination and avert a greater catastrophe ultimately involved over 500,000 workers and cost an estimated 18 billion rubles. During the accident itself, 31 people died, and long-term effects such as cancers are still being investigated.
But Russian “liquidators” of Chernobyl did not receive a grateful tribute for their heroism.
Chernobyl Liquidators received very little gratitude in totalitarian state that was USSR, and its descendant states. Many of liquidators died. The rest keep suffering strange illnesses and current governments and international organizations rarely recognize the link between those illnesses and Chernobyl radiation exposure. 97% of liquidators are men, 3% are women. Out of approximately 700,000 liquidators only 284,000 have records in USSR National Register, have official records of radiation dose that they received. Most of liquidators came from Ukraine and Russia. About 50% of liquidators (48%) entered Chernobyl zone in 1986. At this time majority of liquidators are between 50 and 60 years old.
The Herom and his team: Vladimir Pravik
Lieutenant Vladimir Pavlovich Pravik, born on the 13th of June in 1962, doesn’t seem to leave my thoughts. Of all the people who died when trying to save the world from what might have become its perhaps largest disaster ever, the memory of firefighters’ captain Pravik, or rather the impression of someone I never met, stays with me.
“Through the microscope, it was impossible to get a proper view of their heart tissue. The cells’ nuclei had formed clusters and there were fragments of muscular tissue. This was a direct effect from ionizing radiation rather than a consequense of secondary biological changes. To save these patients is impossible.”