Kidney cancer: causes, symptoms and treatment

Cancer of the kidney (renal carcinoma) is a tumour that affects the mucous membrane cells of the renal tubules, the apparatuses that filter and purify the blood, stripping it of waste and eliminating it through the urine

Kidney cancer predominantly affects the male sex and has a higher frequency between the ages of 60 and 70, although there is a rare embryonic-derived form, nephroblastoma or Wilms’ tumour, which affects young children.

Causes of kidney cancer

The causes of kidney cancer are still poorly understood, but it is possible to identify cigarette smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, abuse of analgesic drugs and a diet high in protein and animal fats as risk factors.

A predisposition is also provided by family history and certain genetic disorders, such as Hippel-Lindau syndrome or hereditary papillary renal carcinoma.

Signs and symptoms of kidney cancer

The first symptom of kidney cancer is the presence of traces of blood in the urine (haematuria).

Other symptoms may be ureteral or bladder spasms caused by blood clots, the presence of a mass in the abdominal cavity, dull pain in the flank, hypertension, persistent fever, anaemia and weight loss.

Diagnosis of kidney cancer

The diagnosis of kidney cancer, which is often delayed due to poor initial symptoms, is made at the appearance of major symptoms such as haematuria or flank-back pain.

Among the instrumental examinations used are urography (an examination that is now rarely used), ultrasound, CT scan and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Kidney cancer therapies

Cancer of the kidney is mainly dealt with by surgical treatment.

Surgical removal of the entire kidney (nephrectomy) is recommended in the majority of cases.

Chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy have not proven effective in combating the disease, playing a palliative role in cases of deep metastatic localisation.

Today, the therapy of choice is immunotherapy: the use of drugs that stimulate the immune system with a vaccine-like mechanism.

Recently introduced drugs called anti-tyrosine kinases have shown excellent efficacy and safety in use.

The prognosis depends on the size of the tumour, its spread, and the presence or absence of metastases.

Read Also:

Emergency Live Even More…Live: Download The New Free App Of Your Newspaper For IOS And Android

Kidney Stones: What They Are, How To Treat Them

Creatinine, Detection In Blood And Urine Indicates Kidney Function

How To Keep Your Kidneys Healthy?

Colour Changes In The Urine: When To Consult A Doctor

Paediatric Urinary Calculus: What It Is, How To Treat It

High Leukocytes In The Urine: When To Worry?

The Colour Of Pee: What Does Urine Tell Us About Our Health?

Kidney Function Replacement Treatment: Dialysis

Chronic Kidney Failure: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Pancreas: Prevention And Treatment Of Pancreatic Cancer

Gestational Diabetes, What It Is And How To Deal With It

Pancreatic Cancer, A New Pharmacological Approach To Reduce Its Progression

What Is Pancreatitis And What Are The Symptoms?

Kidney Stones: What They Are, How To Treat Them

Acute Pancreatitis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Kidney Cancer: Laparoscopic Surgery And The Latest Technologies

Kidney Stones And Renal Colic

Gallstones: Causes And Symptoms

Hepatocarcinoma: Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment Of Liver Cancer

Cervical Dysplasia: What Are The Risk Factors And How To Treat It

Laryngeal Tumours: Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Malignant Tumours Of The Oral Cavity: An Overview

Neuroendocrine Tumours: An Overview

Benign Tumours Of The Liver: We Discover Angioma, Focal Nodular Hyperplasia, Adenoma And Cysts

Tumours Of The Colon And Rectum: We Discover Colorectal Cancer

Tumours Of The Adrenal Gland: When The Oncological Component Joins The Endocrine Component

Brain Tumours: Symptoms, Classification, Diagnosis And Treatment

What Is Percutaneous Thermoablation Of Tumours And How Does It Work?

Colorectal Resection: In Which Cases The Removal Of A Colon Tract Is Necessary

Thyroid Cancers: Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis


Pagine Mediche

You might also like